2017 Journal Papers 

  1. T. Liu and C.-J. Kim, “Contact Angle Measurement of Small Capillary Length Liquid in Super-repelled State”, Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, April 2017, 740(8). (doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-00607-9).

2017 Conference Papers


2016 Journal Papers 

  1. G. Cha, C.-J. Kim, and Y. S. Ju, “Thermal Conductance Switching Based on the Actuation of Liquid Droplets Through the Electrowetting on Dielectric (EWOD) Phenomenon”, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 98, April 2016, pp. 189-195. (doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.11.098)
  2. Lee, C.-H. Choi, and C.-J. Kim, “Superhydrophobic Drag Reduction in Laminar Flows: A Critical Review”, Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 57, Issue 12, December 2016, 176 (20 pages). (doi: 10.1007/s00348-016-2264-z)



2015 Journal Papers 

  1. J. I. Hur and C.-J. Kim, “Miniature Fuel-Cell System Complete with On-Demand Fuel and Oxidant Supply”, Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 274, January 2015, pp. 916-921. (doi: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2014.10.082)
  2. T. Liu, Z. Chen, and C.-J. Kim, “A Dynamic Cassie-Baxter Model”, Soft Matter, Vol. 11, Issue 8, February 2015, pp. 1589-1596. (doi: 10.1039/C4SM02651A)
  3. C. Lee, Y. Nam, H. Lastakowski, J. I. Hur, S. Shin, A.-L. Biance, C. Pirat, C.-J. Kim, and C. Ybert, “Two types of Cassie-to-Wenzel wetting transitions on superhydrophobic surfaces during drop impact”, Soft Matter, Vol. 11, Issue 23, June 2015, pp. 4592-4599. (doi: 10.1039/c5sm00825e)
  4. G. Sun, H. Park, and C.-J. Kim, “Development of a Miniature Shear Sensor for Direct Comparison of Skin-Friction Drags”, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 24, No. 5, October 2015, pp. 1426-1435. (doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2015.2409475)

2015 Conference Papers

  1. T. Liu and C.-J. Kim, “Structure-Based Superhydrophobicity for Serum Droplets,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Estoril, Portugal, Jan. 2015, pp. 6-7.
  2. T. Liu and C.-J. Kim, “Doubly Re-entrant Cavities to Sustain Boiling Nucleation in FC-72,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Estoril, Portugal, Jan. 2015, pp. 1122-1124.
  3. J. Li, S. Chen, and C.-J. Kim, “A Convenient Method to Fabricate Multilayer Interconnections for Microdevices,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Estoril, Portugal, Jan. 2015, pp. 265-267.
  4. R. Freeman, A. C. Houck, and C.-J. Kim, “Visualization of Self-Limiting Electrochemical Gas Generation to Recover Underwater Superhydrophobicity,” Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’15), Anchorage, AK, June 2015, pp. 1818-1821.
  5. J. Li and C.-J. Kim, “Development of Handheld Digital Microfluidic Systems,” Proc. Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Gyeongju, Korea, Oct. 2015, pp. 1199-1201.


2014 Journal Papers

  1. T. Liu and C.-J. Kim, “Turning a Surface Super-Repellent Even to Completely Wetting Liquids”, Science, Vol. 346, Issue 6213, November 2014, pp. 1096-1100. (doi: 10.1126/science.1254787) Abstract: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/346/6213/1096?ijkey=d6yWZBLk06YJc&keytype=ref&siteid=sci Reprint: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/rapidpdf/346/6213/1096?ijkey=d6yWZBLk06YJc&keytype=ref&siteid=sci Full Text: http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/346/6213/1096?ijkey=d6yWZBLk06YJc&keytype=ref&siteid=sci
  2. D. Attinger, C. Frankiewicz, A. R. Betz, T. M. Schutzius, R. Ganguly, A. Das, C.-J. Kim, and C. M. Megaridis, “Surface Engineering for Phase Change Heat Transfer: A Review”, MRS Energy and Sustainability, Vol. 1, November 2014, E4(40). (doi: 10.1557/mre.2014.9)
  3. M. Xu, G. Sun, and C.-J. Kim, "Infinite Lifetime of Underwater Superhydrophobic States", Physical Review Letters, vol. 113, Issue 13, September 2014, 136103(5). (doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.136103); Featured in Physics (http://physics.aps.org/synopsis-for/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.136103)
  4. H.-H. Shen, S.-K. Fan, C.-J. Kim, and D.-J. Yao, “EWOD microfluidic systems for biomedical applications,” Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Vol. 16, Issue 5 (Special Issue: Microfluidics for Point-of-Care Diagnostics), May 2014, pp. 965-987. (doi: 10.1007/s10404-014-1386-y)
  5. H. Park, G. Sun, and C.-J. Kim, “Superhydrophobic turbulent drag reduction as a function of surface grating parameters,” Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 747, May 2014, pp. 722-734. (doi: 10.1017/jfm.2014.151)
  6. N. Cirigliano, G. Sun, D. Membreno, P. Malati, C.-J. Kim, and B. Dunn, “3D Architectured Anodes for Lithium-Ion Microbatteries with Large Areal Capacity,” Energy Technology, Vol.2, Issue 4, April 2014, pp. 362–369. (doi: 10.1002/ente.201402018)
  7. C. Peng, Z. Zhang, C.-J. Kim, and Y. S. Ju, “EWOD (Electrowetting on Dielectric) Digital Microfluidics Powered by Finger Actuation,” Lab on a Chip. , Vol. 14, Issue 6, March 2014, pp. 1117-1122. (doi: 10.1039/c3lc51223a)
  8. S. Chen, M. R. Javed, H.-K. Kim, J. Lei, M. Lazari, G. J. Shah, R. M. van Dam, and P. Y. Keng, and C.-J. Kim, “Radiolabelling Diverse Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Tracers Using a Single Digital Microfluidic Reactor Chip,” Lab on a Chip, Vol. 14, Issue 5, March 2014, pp. 902-910. (doi: 10.1039/c3lc51195b)
  9. G. Sun, T. Liu, P. Sen, W. Shen, C. Gudeman and C.-J. Kim, “Electrostatic Side-Drive Rotary Stage on Liquid-Ring Bearing,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 23, No. 1, Feb. 2014, pp. 147-156. (doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2013.2262592)
  10. M. R. Javed, S. Chen, H.-K. Kim, L. Wei, J. Czernin, R. M. van Dam, C.-J. Kim, and P. Y. Keng, “Efficient Radiosynthesis of 3’-deoxy-3’-[18F]fluorothymidine Using Electrowetting-on-Dielectric Digital Microfluidic Chip,” Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Vol. 55, No. 2, February 2014, pp. 321-328. (doi: 10.2967/jnumed.113.121053); Highlighted in D. E. Reichert, “A Digital Revolution in Radiosynthesis,” Invited Perspective of Journal of Nuclear Medicine, Vol. 55, No. 2, February 2014, pp. 181-182. (doi: 10.2967/jnumed.113.132498)
  11. M. R. Javed, S. Chen, J. Lei, J. Collins, M. Sergeev, H.-K. Kim, C.-J. Kim, R. M. van Dam,  and P. Y. Keng, “High Yield and High Specific Activity Synthesis of [18F]Fallypride in a Batch Microfluidic Reactor for Micro-PET Imaging,” Chemical Communications, Vol. 50, Issue 10, February 2014, pp. 1192-1194. (doi: 10.1039/c3cc47616b)
  12. G. R. Warrier, C.-J. Kim, and Y. S. Ju, “Microchannel cooling device with perforated side walls: Design and Modeling,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 68, January 2014, pp. 174-183. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.09.022)

2014 Conference Papers

  1. M. Xu and C.-J. Kim, "Longevity of underwater superhydrophobic surfaces for drag reduction", Bulletin of the American Physical Society, Vol. 59, No. 20, Abstract ID: BAPS.2014.DFD.H8.1; 67th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, San Francisco, CA, November 2014. (http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2014.DFD.H8.1)
  2. R. Freeman and C.-J. Kim, "Self-limiting electrochemical recovery of dewetted state underwater: visualization and performance", Bulletin of the American Physical Society, Vol. 59, No. 20, Abstract ID: BAPS.2014.DFD.H8.3; 67th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, San Francisco, CA, November 2014. (http://meetings.aps.org/link/BAPS.2014.DFD.H8.3)
  3. X. Ma, S. Chen, C.-J. Kim, and M. van Dam, “High-Sensitivity Electrical Conductivity Measurement of Droplets in Digital Microfluidics,” Proc. Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), San Antonio, TX, October 2014, pp..
  4. S. Chen and C.-J. Kim, “Mirrored Anodized Dielectric for Reliable Electrowetting,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, San Francisco, CA, Jan. 2014, pp. 1011-1014.
  5. M. Xu, G. Sun, and C.-J. Kim, “Wetting Dynamics Study of Underwater Superhydrophobic Surfaces Through Direct Meniscus Visualization,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, San Francisco, CA, Jan. 2014, pp. 668-671.
  6. X. Ma, S. Chen, C.-J. Kim, and R. M. van Dam, “Towards On-Chip Chemical Reaction Monitoring by EWOD Impedance Measurement,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, San Francisco, CA, Jan. 2014, pp. 338-341.
  7. S. Chen, A. A. Dooraghi, M. Lazari, R. M. van Dam, A. F. Chatziioannou, and C.-J. Kim, “On-Chip Product Purification for Complete Microfluidic Radiotracer Synthesis,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, San Francisco, CA, Jan. 2014, pp. 284-287.


2013 Journal Papers

  1. W. Choi, V. Rubtsov, and C.-J. Kim, “Miniature Netting System for Endoscopic Object Retrieval from Hard-to-Reach Area,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 22, No. 5, October 2013, pp. 1158-1165. (doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2013.2255116)
  2. A. A. Dooraghi, P. Y. Keng, S. Chen, M. R. Javed, C.-J. Kim, A. F. Chatziioannou, and R. M. van Dam, “Optimization of microfluidic PET tracer synthesis with Cerenkov imaging,” Analyst, Vol. 138, Issue 19, October 2013, pp. 5654–5664 (doi: 10.1039/c3an01113e)
  3. G. J. Shah, H. Ding, S. Sadeghi, S. Chen, C.-J. Kim, and R. M. van Dam, “On-Demand Droplet Loading for Automated Organic Chemistry on Digital Microfluidics,” Lab on a Chip, Vol. 13, Issue 14, July 2013, pp. 2785–2795. (doi: 10.1039/c3lc41363b)
  4. B. Koo and C.-J. Kim, “Evaluation of Repeated Electrowetting on Three Different Fluoropolymer Top Coatings,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 23, No. 6, June 2013, 067002(5) (doi:10.1088/0960-1317/23/6/067002)
  5. L.-X. Huang, B. Koo and C.-J. Kim, “Sputtered–Anodized Ta2O5 as the Dielectric Layer for Electrowetting-on-Dielectric,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 22, No. 2, April 2013, pp. 253-255. (doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2012.2233719)
  6. A. R. Betz, J. Jenkins, C.-J. Kim, and D. Attinger, “Boiling Heat Transfer on Superhydrophilic, Superhydrophobic and Superbiphilic Surfaces,” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. Vol. 57, Issue 2, February 2013, pp. 733–741. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2012.10.080)

2013 Conference Papers

  1. T. Liu and C.-J. Kim, “Microstructured SiO2 Surface Repellant to Liquids without Coating,” Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’13), Barcelona, Spain, June 2013, pp. 1609-1612.
  2. C. Peng, C.-J. Kim, and Y. S. Ju, “Finger-Triggered Digital Microfluidics,” Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’13), Barcelona, Spain, June 2013, pp. 388-391.
  3. T. Liu, G. Sun, J. J. Kim, C.-K. K. Yang, and C.-J. Kim, “Electrostatic Bottom-Driven Rotary Stage on Multiple Conductive Liquid Rings,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Taipei, Taiwan, Jan. 2013, pp. 86-89.
  4. W.-Y. Sun and C.-J. Kim, “The Role of Dissolved Gas in Longevity of Cassie States for Immersed Superhydrophobic Surfaces,”Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Taipei, Taiwan, Jan. 2013, pp. 397-400.
  5. H. Park, G. Sun, and C.-J. Kim, “Turbulent Drag Reduction on Superhydrophobic Surfaces Confirmed by Built-In Shear Sensing,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Taipei, Taiwan, Jan. 2013, pp. 1183-1186.


2012 Book Chapters

  1. C.-J. Kim, “Chapter 305: Electrowetting,”?Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology,?Springer-Verlag, 2012, Part 6, pp. 783-789.pdf
  2. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Chapter 4. Advanced Nanostructured Surfaces for the Control of Biofouling: Cell Adhesions to Three-Dimensional Nanostructures,”?Green Tribology – Biomimetics, Energy Conservation, and Sustainability, Edited by M. Nosonovsky and B. Bhushan, Springer, 2012, pp. 79-104. pdf

2012 Journal Papers

  1. G.Y. Sun, X. Zhao, and C.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of Very-High-Aspect-Ratio Microstructures in Complex Patterns by Photoelectrochemical Etching”, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 21, No. 6, Dec. 2012, pp. 1504-1512.pdf
  2. W. Choi, V. Rubtsov, and C.-J. Kim, “Miniature Flipping Disc Device for Size Measurement of Objects Through Endoscope,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 21, No. 4, August 2012, pp. 926-933. pdf
  3. W. Nelson and C.-J. Kim, "Droplet Actuation by Electrowetting-on-Dielectric (EWOD): A Review," Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol. 26, No. 12-17, August 2012, pp. 1747–1771.?pdf
  4. H. Ding, S. Sadeghi, G. J. Shah, S. Chen, P. Y. Keng, C.-J. Kim, and R. M. van Dam, “Accurate dispensing of volatile reagents on demand for chemical reactions in EWOD chips,” Lab on a Chip, Vol.12, June 2012, pp. 3331–3340. pdf
  5. C. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Wetting and Active Dewetting Processes of Hierarchically Constructed Superhydrophobic Surfaces Fully Immersed in Water,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 21, No. 3, June 2012, pp. 476-483. pdf
  6. J. I. Hur, D. D. Meng, and C.-J. Kim, “Self-Pumping Membraneless Miniature Fuel Cell with an Air-breathing, Fuel-Tolerant Pt Cathode,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 21, No. 2, April 2012, pp. 476-483. pdf
  7. T. Liu, P. Sen, and C.-J. Kim, “Characterization of Nontoxic Liquid-Metal Alloy Galinstan? for Applications in Micro Devices,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 21, No. 2, April 2012, pp. 443-450. pdf
  8. S. Sadeghi, H. Ding, G. J. Shah, S. Chen, P. Y. Keng, C.-J. Kim, and R. M. van Dam, “On chip droplet characterization: A practical, high-sensitivity measurement of droplet impedance in digital microfluidics,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 84, January 2012, pp. 1915?1923.?pdf
  9. P. Y. Keng, S. Chen, H. Ding, S. Sadeghi, G. J. Shah, A. Dooraghi, M. E. Phelps, N. Satyamurthy, A. F. Chatziioannou, C.-J. Kim, and R. M. van Dam, “Micro-chemical synthesis of molecular probes on an electronic microfluidic device,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), Vol. 109, No. 3, January 2012, pp. 690-695. pdf

2012 Conferences Papers

  1. G.J. Shah, J. Lei, S. Chen, C.-J. Kim, P.Y. Keng, and R.M. van Dam, “Automated Injection from EWOD Digital Microfluidic Chip into HPLC Purification System”, Proc. Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Okinawa, Japan, Oct. 2012, pp. 356-358. pdf
  2. H. K. Kim, S. Chen, M. R. Javed, J. Lei, C.-J. Kim, P. Y. Keng, and R. M. van Dam, “Multi-Step Organic Synthesis of Four Different Molecular Probes in Digital Microfluidic Devices”, Proc. Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Okinawa, Japan, Oct. 2012, pp. 617-619. pdf
  3. S. Chen, J. Lei, R. M. van Dam, P. Y. Keng, and C.-J. Kim, “Planar Alumina Purification of 18F-Labeled Radiotracer Synthesis on Ewod Chip for Positron Emission Tomography (Pet)”, Proc. Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Okinawa, Japan, Oct. 2012, pp. 1771-1773. pdf
  4. G. Sun, T. Liu, P. Sen, W. Shen, C. Gudeman, and C.-J. Kim, “Electrostatically Driven Rotor on Conductive Liquid Ring Bearings,” Technical Digest, Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2012, pp. 78-81. pdf
  5. J. Jenkins and C.-J. Kim, “Generation of Pressure by EWOD-Actuated Droplets,” Technical Digest, Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2012, pp. 145-148." pdf
  6. S. Chen, R. Javed, J. Lei, H.-K. Kim, G. Flores, R. M. van Dam, P. Y. Keng, and C.-J. Kim, “Synthesis of Diverse Tracers on EWOD Microdevice for Positron Emission Tomography (PET),” Technical Digest, Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2012, pp. 189-192." pdf
  7. J. Hur and C.-J. Kim, “A Microstructured Cathode for Fuel Cell with Self-Regulated O2 Bubble Creation and Consumption,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Paris, France, Jan. 2012, pp. 35-38. pdf
  8. L.-X. Huang, B. Koo, and C.-J. Kim, Evaluation of Anodic Ta2O5 As The Dielectric Layer for Ewod Devices,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Paris, France, Jan. 2012, pp. 428-431. pdf
  9. W. Choi, G. Sigal, V. Rubtsov, and C.-J. Kim, A Micro Translating Lens Unit for Stereo Imaging Through Single-Image Endoscope,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Paris, France, Jan. 2012, pp. 3-6. pdf
  10. J. Hur and C.-J. Kim, “Self-Contained Oxygen Supply for Self-Regulating Miniature Fuel Cell,” Int. Workshop Micro and Nanotechnology for Power Generation and Energy Conversion Applications (Power MEMS), Atlanta, GA, Dec. 2012. pdf


2011 Journal Papers

  1. W. Nelson and C.-J. Kim, “Monolithic Fabrication of EWOD Chips for Picoliter Droplets,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 20, No. 6, December 2011, pp. 1419 - 1427. pdf
  2. G. Sun, J. I. Hur, X. Zhao, and C.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of Very-High-Aspect-Ratio Micro Metal Posts and Gratings by Photo-Electrochemical Etching and Electroplating,” Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 20, No. 4, August 2011, pp. 876-884. pdf
  3. W. Nelson, P. Sen, and C.-J. Kim, “Dynamic Contact Angles and Hysteresis under Electrowetting-on-Dielectric,” Langmuir, Vol. 27, No. 16, 2011, pp. 10319–10326. pdf
  4. W. Nelson, H. P. Kavehpour, and C.-J. Kim, “A Miniature Capillary Breakup Extensional Rheometer by Electrostatically Assisted Generation of Liquid Filaments,” Lab on a Chip, Vol. 11, No. 14, June 2011, pp. 2424-2431. pdf
  5. C. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Influence of Surface Hierarchy of Superhydrophobic Surfaces on Liquid Slip,” Langmuir, Vol. 27, Issue 7, April 2011, pp. 4243-4248. pdf
  6. C. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Underwater Gas Restoration and Retention on Superhydrophobic Surfaces for Drag Reduction,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 106, No. 1, January 2011, 14502(4). pdf

2011 Conferences Papers

  1. A. R. Betz, J. Jenkins, C.-J. Kim, and D. Attinger, “Nano-Engineered Surfaces with Heterogeneous Wettability for Boiling Heat Transfer Enhancement”, Proc. Int. Conf. Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels, Edmonton, Canada, June 2011, pp. ICNMM2011-58141. pdf
  2. W. C. Nelson, M. Yeh, P. Y. Keng, R. M. van Dam, and C.-J. Kim, “High-Pressure EWOD Digital Microfluidics”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’11), Beijing, China, June 2011, pp. 2932-2935. pdf
  3. G. J. Shah, H.-J. Ding, S. Sadeghi, S. Chen, C.-J. Kim, and R. M. van Dam, “Milliliter-to-Microliter Platform for On-Demand Loading of Aqueous and Non-Aqueous Droplets to Digital Microfluidics”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’11), Beijing, China, June 2011, pp. 1260-1263. pdf
  4. W. Choi, V. Rubtsov, and C.-J. Kim, “Pneumatically Deployed Net System for Endoscopic Removal of Foreign Object”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Cancun, Mexico, Jan. 2011, pp. 17-20. pdf
  5. S. Chen, P. Y. Keng, R. M. van Dam, and C.-J. Kim, “Synthesis of 18F-Labeled Probes on EWOD Platform For Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Preclinical Imaging”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Cancun, Mexico, Jan. 2011, pp. 980-983. pdf
  6. C. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Restoring Underwater Superhydrophobicity with Self-Regulated Gas Generation”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Cancun, Mexico, Jan. 2011, pp. 1185-1188. pdf
  7. A. R. Betz, J. R. Jenkins, C.-J. Kim and D. Attinger, “Significant Boiling Enhancement with Surfaces Combining Superhydrophilic and Superhydrophobic Patterns”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Cancun, Mexico, Jan. 2011, pp. 1193-1196. pdf


2010 Book Chapters

  1. C.-J. Kim and J. Gong, “Chapter 6. EWOD Droplet Microfluidic Devices Using Printed Circuit Board Fabrication,” Micro/Nano Technology Systems for Biomedical Applications, Edited by C.-M. Ho, Oxford Press, 2010, pp. 232-265.


2010 Journal Papers

  1. W. C. Nelson, I. Peng, G.-A. Lee, J. A. Loo, R. L. Garrell, and C.-J. Kim, “Incubated Protein Reduction and Digestion on an Electrowetting-on-Dielectric Digital Microfluidic Chip for MALDI-MS,” Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 82, No. 23, December 2010, pp. 9932–9937. pdf
  2. G. J. Shah, J. L. Veale, Y. Korin, E. F. Reed, H. A. Gritsch, and C.- J. Kim, “Specific Binding and Magnetic Concentration of CD8+ T- Lymphocytes on electrowetting-on-dielectric Platform,” Biomicrofluidics, Vol. 4, Issue 4, December 2010, pp. 044106. pdf
  3. D.-J. Yao, G. Chen, and C.-J. Kim, “Design and Analysis of an In-Plane Thermoelectric Microcooler,” Nanoscale and Microscale Thermophysical Engineering, Vol. 14, Issue 2, June 2010, pp. 95–109. pdf
  4. J.-P. Hubschman, J.-L. Bourges, W. Choi, A. Mozayan, A. Tsirbas, C.-J. Kim, S. D. Schwartz, ‘The Microhand’: a new concept of micro-forceps for the ocular robotic surgery,” Eye, Vol. 24, Issue 2, February 2010, pp. 364-367. pdf


2010 Conference Papers

  1. W. Choi, V. Rubtsov, and C.-J. Kim, “Miniature Stereo Imaging Converter with Translating Aperture,” Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Vancouver, Canada, November 2010, IMECE2010-39118. pdf
  2. P. Y. Keng, S. Chen, H.-J. Ding, S. Sadeghi, M. E. Phelps, N. Satyamurthy, C.-J. Kim, R. M. van Dam, “Optimization of Radiosynthesis of Molecular Tracers in EWOD Microfluidic Chip,” Proc. Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS),Groningen, The Netherlands, October 2010. pdf
  3. S. Chen, H. Ding, G. J. Shah, R. M. van Dam, and C.-J. Kim, “EWOD Microdevices for Synthesis of F-labeled Tracers for Positron Emission Tomography (PET),” Technical Digest, Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2010, pp. 37-40. pdf
  4. W. C. Nelson and C.-J. Kim, “A Monolithic EWOD Chip by Surface Micromachining,” Technical Digest, Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2010, pp. 158-161. pdf
  5. G. Sun, X. Zhao, and C.-J. Kim, “Very-High-Aspect-Ratio Micro Metal Structures of Non-Straight Patterns,” Technical Digest, Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2010, pp. 348-351. pdf
  6. B. Dunn, C.-J. Kim, and S. Tolbert, “Three-Dimensional Microbatteries for MEMS/NEMS Technology,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Hong Kong, China, Jan. 2010, pp. 164-167. pdf
  7. J. I. Hur, D. D. Meng, and C.-J. Kim, “Membraneless Micro Fuel Cell Chip Enabled by Self-Pumping of Fuel-Oxidant Mixture,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Hong Kong, China, Jan. 2010, pp. 168-171. pdf
  8. W. Nelson, P. Kavehpour, and C.-J. Kim, “A Micro Extensional Filament Rheometer Enabled by EWOD,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Hong Kong, China, Jan. 2010, pp. 75-78. pdf
  9. T. Liu, P. Sen, and C.-J. Kim, “Characterization of Liquid-Metal Galinstan for Droplet Applications,” Proc.IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Hong Kong, China, Jan. 2010, pp. 560-563. pdf
  10. G. Sun, J. Hur, X. Zhao, and C.-J. Kim, “High Yield Dense Array of Very-High-Aspect-Ratio Micro Metal Posts by Photo-electrochemical Etching of Silicon and Electroplating with Vacuum Degassing,” Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Hong Kong, China, Jan. 2010, pp. 340-343. pdf


2009 Journal Papers

  1. C. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Maximizing the Giant Liquid Slip on Superhydrophobic Microstructures by Nanostructuring Their Sidewalls",?Langmuir, Vol. 25, Issue 21, November 2009, pp. 12812-12818. pdf
  2. P. Sen and C.-J. Kim, “A Liquid-Solid Direct Contact Low-Loss RF Micro Switch”,?J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 18, No. 5, October 2009, pp. 990-997. pdf
  3. D. D. Meng and C.-J. Kim, “An Active Micro Direct Methanol Fuel Cell with Self-Circulation of Fuel and Built-In Removal of CO2 Bubbles”,?Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 194, Issue 1, October 2009, pp. 445-450. pdf
  4. J. L. Poulos, W. Nelson, T.-J. Jeon, C.-J. Kim, and J. J. Schmidt, “Electrowetting on dielectric-based microfluidics for integrated lipid bilayer formation and measurement”,Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 95, Issue 1, July 2009, 013706. pdf
  5. G. J. Shah and C.-J. Kim, “Fluidic conduits for highly efficient purification of target species in EWOD-driven droplet microfluidics”,Lab on a Chip, Vol. 9, Issue 16, August 2009, pp. 2402-2405. pdf
  6. L. Hu, G. Gruner, J. Jenkins, and C.-J. Kim, “Flash dry deposition of nanoscale material thin films”,?Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 19, Issue 32, pp. 5845-5849. pdf
  7. C.-H. Choi, and C.-J. Kim, “Droplet Evaporation of Pure Water and Protein Solution on Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Surfaces of Varying Heights”,?Langmuir, Vol. 25, Issue 13, July 2009, pp. 7561-7567. pdf
  8. R. He and C.-J. Kim, “A Low-Temperature Monolithic Encapsulation on Wafer Enabled by Surface Micromachining with Porous Alumina Shell,”?J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 18, No. 3, June 2009, pp. 588-596. pdf
  9. G. J. Shah, A. T. Ohta, E. P.-Y. Chiou, M. C. Wu, and C.-J. Kim, “EWOD-driven droplet microfluidic device integrating optoelectronic tweezers for individual particle manipulation”,?Lab on a Chip, Vol. 9, Issue 12, 2009, 1732-1739. pdf
  10. C.-H. Choi, S. Heydarkhan-Hagvall, B. M. Wu, J. C. Y. Dunn, R. E. Beygui, and C.-J. Kim, “Cell Growth as a Sheet on Three-Dimensional Sharp-Tip Nanostructures”,?J. Biomedical Materials Research A, Vol. 89A, Issue 3, June 2009, pp. 804-817. pdf
  11. P. Sen and C.-J. Kim, “Microscale Liquid-Metal Switches – A Review”,?IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 4, Apr. 2009, pp. 1314-1330. pdf
  12. W. Choi, M. Akbarian, V. Rutsov, and C.-J. Kim, “Microhand with Internal Visual System”,?IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 56, No. 4, Apr. 2009, pp. 1005-1011. pdf
  13. P. Sen and C.-J. Kim, “Capillary Spreading Dynamics of Electrowetted Sessile Droplets in Air”,?Langmuir, Volume 25, Issue 8, April 2009, pp. 4302-4305. pdf
  14. G. J. Shah and C.-J. Kim, “Meniscus-Assisted High-Efficiency Magnetic Collection and Separation for EWOD Droplet Microfluidics”,?J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 18, No. 2, April 2009, pp. 363-375. pdf
  15. P. Sen and C.-J. Kim, “A Fast Liquid-Metal Droplet Microswitch Using EWOD-Driven Contact-Line Sliding”,?J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 18, No. 1, February 2009, pp. 174-185. pdf
  16. H. W. Kang, H. J. Sung, T.-M. Lee, D.-S. Kim, and C.-J. Kim, “Liquid Transfer between Two Separating Plates for Micro-Gravure-Offset Printing”,?J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 19, Issue 1, Jan. 2009, 015025. pdf

2009 Conference Papers

  1. C. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Microstructures with Nanostructured Sidewalls Designed to Maximize Giant Liquid Slip”,?Proc. ASME Micro/Nano Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, Shanghai, China, Dec. 2009. pdf
  2. C.-J. Kim, “Micro-Manipulation of Liquids Using Electrowetting-on-Dielectric (EWOD): Lab-on-a-Chip and Beyond”, Proc.?Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Jeju, Korea, Nov. 2009, p. 1991 (Plenary talk).
  3. Z. Chen and C.-J. Kim, “Two-Dimensional Sliding of Liquid Contact Line Across Hydrophobic Microstructures”, Proc.?Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Jeju, Korea, Nov. 2009, pp. 1362-1364. pdf
  4. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Cell Growth on Three-Dimensional Sharp-Tip Nanostructures of Hydrophilic and Hydrophobic Surfaces”,?Proc. Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Jeju, Korea, Nov. 2009, pp. 917-919. pdf
  5. W. Nelson, P. Sen, and C.-J. Kim, “Resistance of Droplets Sliding by EWOD Actuation”,?Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’09), June 2009, Denver, CO, U.S.A., pp. 2014-2017. pdf
  6. W. C. Nelson, I. Peng, J. A. Loo, R. L. Garrell, and C.-J. Kim, “An EWOD Digital Microfluidic Chip with Integrated Localized Temperature Control for Multiplex Proteomics Sample Processing”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2009, Sorrento, Italy, pp. 280-283. pdf
  7. P. Sen and C.-J. Kim, “A Liquid-Metal RF MEMS Switch with DC-to-40 GHz Performance”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2009, Sorrento, Italy, pp. 904-907. pdf
  8. G. J. Shah and C.-J. Kim, “High-Purity Separation of Rare Species in Droplet Microfluidics Using Droplet-Conduit Structures”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2009, Sorrento, Italy, pp. 471-474. pdf
  9. W. Choi, M. Akbarian, V. Rubtsov, and C.-J. Kim, “Microfabricated Flipping Glass Disc for Stereo Imaging in Endoscopic Visual Inspection”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2009, Sorrento, Italy, pp. 160-163. pdf


2008 Book Chapters

  1. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Chapter 7. Design, Fabrication, and Applications of Large-Area Well-Ordered Dense-Array Three-Dimensional Nanostructures”, in Nanostructures in Electronics and Photonics, Edited by F. Rahman, World Scientific, 2008, pp. 113-129. pdf

2008 Journal Papers

  1. Y. Joo, H.-C. Yeh, K. Dieu, and C.-J. Kim, “Air Cooling of a Microelectronic Chip with Diverging Metal Microchannels Monolithically Processed Using a Single Mask”, J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 18, No. 11, Nov. 2008, 115022. pdf
  2. C. Lee, C.-H. Choi, and C.-J. Kim, “Structured Surfaces for a Giant Liquid Slip”, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 101, No. 6, August 2008, 064501(4). pdf
  3. D. D. Meng and C.-J. Kim, “Micropumping of Liquid by Directional Growth and Selective Venting of Gas Bubbles”, Lab on a Chip, Vol. 8, Issue 6, June 2008, pp. 958-968. pdf
  4. J. Gong and C.-J. Kim, “All-Electronic Droplet Generation On-Chip with Real-Time Feedback Control for EWOD Digital Microfluidics”, Lab on a Chip, Vol. 8, Issue 6, June 2008, pp. 898-906. pdf
  5. J. Gong and C.-J. Kim, “Direct-Referencing Two-Dimensional-Array Digital Microfluidics Using Multi-Layer Printed Circuit Board”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 17, No. 2, April 2008, pp. 257-264. pdf
  6. H.-W. Lu, F. Bottausci, J. D. Fowler, A. L. Bertozzi, C. Meinhart, and C.-J. Kim, “A Study of EWOD-Driven Droplets by PIV Investigation”, Lab on a Chip, Vol. 8, Issue 3, March 2008, pp. 456-461. pdf

2008 Conference Papers

  1. C. Lee, C.-H. Choi, and C.-J. Kim, “Effect of Geometric Parameters of Superhydrophobic Surface on Liquid Slip”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Oct.-Nov. 2008, Boston, MA, IMECE2008-68190. pdf
  2. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Droplet Evaporation on Nanostructured Superhydrophobic Surfaces”, Int. Conf. Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences (mTAS), Oct. 2008, San Diego, CA, pp. 1561-1563. pdf
  3. H. W. Kang, T.-M. Lee, C.-J. Kim, D.-S. Kim, J. Gong, and H. J. Sung, “Liquid Transfer Experiment for Micro-Gravure-Offset Printing Depending on the Surface Contact Angle”, Proc. Asia-Pacific Conf. Transducers and Micro-Nano Technology (APCOT 2008), June 2008, Tainan, Taiwan, 1S37 (Paper number. No page number)
  4. G. J. Shah, J. L. Veale, Y. Korin, E. F. Reed, H. A. Gritsch, and C.-J. Kim, “Concentration of CD8+ Lymphocytes on EWOD Platform for Monitoring Organ Transplant Rejection”, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, June 2008, Hilton Head Island, SC, pp. 28-31. pdf
  5. H. W. Kang, T.-M. Lee, W.-X. Huang, J. Gong, S.-H. Lee, D.-S. Kim, C. J. Kim, and H. J. Sung, “Design of Surface Contact Angle using EWOD Device for Gravure Offset Printing”, Proc. Korean MEMS Conference, April 2008, Jeju, Korea, pp. 319-320 (in Korean)
  6. J. Gong, G. Cha, Y. S. Ju, and C.-J. Kim, “Thermal Switches Based on Coplanar EWOD for Satellite Thermal Control”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Tucson, AZ, Jan. 2008, pp. 848-851. pdf
  7. H.-W. Lu, F. Bottausci, A. L. Bertozzi, C. D. Meinhart, and C.-J. Kim, “PIV Investigation of 3-Dimensional Flow in Drops Actuated by EWOD”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf MEMS, Tucson, AZ, Jan. 2008, pp. 571-574. pdf


2007 Book Chapters

  1. H. Moon and C.-J. Kim, “Chapter 5. Electrowetting: Thermodynamic Foundation and Application to Microdevices,” in Microfluidic Technologies for Miniaturized Analysis Systems, Edited by S. Hardt and F. Sch?nfeld, Springer, New York, NY, 2007, pp. 203-239.

2007 Journal Papers

  1. D. D. Meng, T. Cubaud, C.-M. Ho and C.-J. Kim, “A Methanol-Tolerant, Gas-Venting Microchannel for a Micro Direct Methanol Fuel Cell”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 16, No. 6, Dec. 2007, pp. 1403-1410. pdf
  2. H.-W. Lu, K. Glasner, A. L. Bertozzi, and C.-J. Kim, “A Diffuse-Interface Model for Electrowetting Drops in a Hele-Shaw Cell”, J. Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 590, Nov. 2007, pp. 411-435. pdf
  3. F. Chamran, Y. Yeh, H.-S. Min, B. Dunn, and C.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of High-Aspect-Ratio Electrode Arrays for Three-Dimensional Microbatteries”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 16, No. 4, Aug. 2007, pp. 844-851. pdf
  4. S. K. Cho, Y. Zhao, and C.-J. Kim, “Concentration and binary separation of micro particles for droplet-based digital microfluidics”, Lab on a Chip, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, April 2007, pp. 490-498. pdf
  5. R. He and C.-J. Kim, “On-Wafer Monolithic Packaging by Surface Micromachining with Porous Polysilicon Shell,” J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 16, No. 2, April 2007, pp. 462-472. pdf
  6. C.-H. Choi, S. H. Hagvall, B. M. Wu, J. C. Y. Dunn, R. E. Beygui, and C.-J. Kim, “Cell Interaction with Three-Dimensional Sharp-Tip Nanotopography”, Biomaterials, Vol. 28, Issue 9, Mar. 2007, pp. 1672-1679. pdf
  7. L. Hu, G. Gruner, J. Gong, C.-J. Kim, and B. Hornbostel, “Electrowetting Devices with Transparent Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Electrodes”,Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 90, Issue 9, February 2007, 093124. pdf

2007 Conference Papers

  1. G. J. Shah, E. Pierstorff, D. Ho, and C.-J. Kim, “Meniscus-Assisted Magnetic Bead Trapping On EWOD-Based Digital Microfluidics for Specific Protein Localization”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’07), June 2007, Lyon, France, pp. 707-710. pdf
  2. D.-S. Meng and C.-J. Kim, “Embedded Self-circulation of Liquid Fuel for a Micro Direct Methanol Fuel Cell”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2007, Kobe, Japan, pp. 85-88. pdf
  3. K.-S. Yun and C.-J. Kim, “Low-Voltage Electrostatic Actuation of Droplet on Thin Superhydrophobic NanoTurf”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2007, Kobe, Japan, pp. 139-142. pdf
  4. P. Sen and C.-J. Kim, “A Fast Liquid-Metal Droplet Switch Using EWOD”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2007, Kobe, Japan, pp. 767-770. pdf
  5. F. Chamran, H.-S. Min, B. Dunn, and C.-J. Kim, “Zinc-Air Microbattery with Electrode Array of Zinc Microposts”, Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2007, Kobe, Japan, pp. 871-874. pdf


2006 Journal Papers

  1. J. Ok, Y.-W. Lu, and C.-J. Kim, “Pneumatically Driven Microcage for Microbe Manipulation in a Biological Liquid Environment”,?J. Microelectromechanical Systems, 2006, Vol. 15, No. 6, Dec. 2006, pp. 1499-1505. (doi: 10.1109/JMEMS.2006.883887) pdf
  2. Y.-W. Lu and C.-J. Kim, “A Microhand for Biological Applications”,?Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, No. 16, Oct. 2006, 164101. pdf
  3. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of Dense Array of Tall Nanostructures over a Large Sample Area with Sidewall Profile and Tip Sharpness Control”,?Nanotechnology, Vol. 17, Oct. 2006, pp. 5326–5333. pdf
  4. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Reply to Comment for Large slip of aqueous liquid flow over a nano-engineered super-hydrophobic surface”,?Physics Review Letters, Vol. 97, No. 10, Sept. 2006, 109602. pdf
  5. J. G. F. Tsai, Z. Chen, S. F. Nelson, and C.-J. Kim, “Selective Surface Treatment of Micro Printing Pin and Its Performance”,?Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 8, Aug. 2006, 083901. pdf
  6. U.-C. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “Characterization of Electrowetting Actuation on Addressable Single-Side Coplanar Electrodes”,?J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 16, Aug. 2006, pp. 2053-2059. pdf
  7. C.-H. Choi, U. Ulmanella, J. Kim, C.-M. Ho, and C.-J. Kim, “Effective Slip and Friction Reduction in Nanograted Superhydrophobic Microchannels”,Physics of Fluids, Vol. 18, No. 8, Aug. 2006, 087105. pdf
  8. W. Shen, R. T. Edwards, and C.-J Kim, “Electrostatically-Actuated Metal-Droplet Microswitches Integrated on CMOS Chip”,?J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 15, No. 4, Aug. 2006, pp. 879-889. pdf
  9. H. Moon, A. R. Wheeler, R. L. Garrell, J. A. Loo, and C.-J. Kim, “Integrated Digital Microfluidic Chip for Multiplexed Proteomic Sample Preparation and Analysis by MALDI-MS”,?Lab on a Chip, Vol. 6, Issue 9, July 2006, pp. 1213-1219. pdf
  10. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Large slip of aqueous liquid flow over a nano-engineered super-hydrophobic surface”,?Physical Review Letters, Vol. 96, No. 6, Feb. 2006, 066001. pdf
  11. D. D. Meng, J. Kim, and C.-J. Kim, “A Degassing Plate with Hydrophobic Bubble Capture and Distributed Venting for Microfluidic Devices,?J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 16, Jan. 2006, pp. 419-424. pdf


2006 Conference Papers

  1. J. Gong and C.-J. Kim, “Real-Time Feedback Control of Droplet Generation for EWOD Digital Microfluidics”,?Proc. Micro Total Analysis System, Nov. 2006, Tokyo, Japan, pp. 1046-1048. pdf
  2. D.-S. Meng and C.-J. Kim, “A Micro Direct Methanol Fuel Cell with Self-Pumping of Liquid Fuel”,?Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, June 2006, Hilton Head Island, SC, pp. 120-123. pdf
  3. U.-C. Yi, W. Liu, P.-P. de Guzman, and C.-J. Kim, “Channel-to-Droplet Extractions for On-Chip Sample Preparation”,?Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, June 2006, Hilton Head Island, SC, pp. 128-131. pdf
  4. J. Gong and C.-J. Kim, “Characterization and Design of Digitizing Processes for Uniform and Controllable Droplet Volume in EWOD Digital Microfluidics”,?Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, June 2006, Hilton Head Island, SC, pp. 159-162. pdf
  5. F. Chamran, U.-C. Yi, and C.-J. Kim, “Metal-Cored Carbon Microposts for Three-Dimensional Li Microbattery”,?Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, June 2006, Hilton Head Island, SC, pp. 185-188. pdf
  6. J. Tsai, Z. Chen, B. Merriman, J. Chen, S. Nelson, C.-J. Kim, “A New Bio-Molecules Decryption Protocol Using Shape-Encoded Particles (SEP)”,Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2006, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 138-141. pdf
  7. C.-H. Choi, H. Sepideh, J. Dunn, B. M. Wu, and C.-J. Kim ,“Cell Adhesions on NanoTurf Surfaces”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2006, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 402-405. pdf
  8. R. He and C.-J. Kim, “A Low Temperature Vacuum Package Utilizing Porous Alumina Thin Film Encapsulation”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2006, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 126-129. pdf
  9. G. J. Shah, P.-Y. Chiou, A. T. Ohta, J. B. Chou, C.-J. Kim, and M. C. Wu, “Integrating Optoelectronic Tweezers for Individual Particle Manipulation with Digital Microfluidics Using Electrowetting-On-Dielectric”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2006, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 130-133. pdf
  10. F. Chamran, H.-S. Min, B. Dunn, and C.-J. Kim, “3-Dimensional Nickel-Zinc Microbatteries”,?Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. MEMS, Jan. 2006, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 950-953. pdf


2005 Journal Papers

  1. A. R. Wheeler, H. Moon, C. A. Bird, R. R. O. Loo, C.-J. Kim, J. A. Loo, and R. L. Garrell, “Digital Microfluidics with In-line Sample Purification for Proteomics Analyses with MALDI-MS”, Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 77, No. 2, Jan. 2005, pp. 534-540.

2005 Conference Papers

  1. C.-J. Kim, “EWOD-Based Digital Microfluidics and Its Bio Applications”, Proc. IEEJ Symp. Sensors, Micromachines and Applications Systems (Sensor Symposium), Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 2005, pp. 1-2. (Plenary invited paper)
  2. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Measurement of Liquid Slip on NanoTurf Surfaces”, Proc. 4th ASME Integrated Nanosystems Conf.: Design, Synthesis, and Applications, Berkeley, CA, Sept. 2005, CD, Nano2005-8707.
  3. C.H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Control of Sidewall Profile of Silicon Nanostructures in Bosch Process and Its Use for Sharp Tip Fabrication”, Proc. Korea Conf. Science, Technology & Entrepreneurship (UKC 2005), Irvine, CA, Aug. 2005, unpaged.
  4. H. Moon, A. R. Wheeler, R. L. Garrell, J. A. Loo, and C.-J. Kim, “Single Chip Sample Preparation for Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry by Electrowetting-On-Dielectric Digital Microfluidics”, Proc. Int. Conf. Bio-Nano-Informatics (BNI), July 2005, Marina del Rey, CA, unpaged.
  5. U.-C. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “EWOD Actuation with Electrode-Free Cover Plate”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’05), Seoul, Korea, June 2005, pp. 89-92.
  6. C.-H. Choi and C.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of Silicon Nanostructures with Various Sidewall Profiles and Sharp Tips”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’05), Seoul, Korea, June 2005, pp. 168-171.
  7. P. Sen and C.-J. Kim, “Electrostatic Fringe-Field Actuation for Liquid-Metal Droplets”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’05), Seoul, Korea, June 2005, pp.705-708.
  8. D.-S. Meng, Y. S. Ju, and C.-J. Kim, “A Comparative Study of Electrolysis and Boiling for Bubble-Driven Microactuations”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’05), Seoul, Korea, June 2005, pp. 1263-1266.
  9. D.-S. Meng and C.-J. Kim, “Micropumping by Directional Growth and Hydrophobic Venting of Bubbles”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Orlando, FL, Jan. 2005, pp. 423-426.
  10. H. Moon, A. R. Wheeler, R. L. Garrell, J. A. Loo, J. Gong and C.-J. Kim, “Integrated Electrowetting-On-Dielectric Sample Preparation for Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Orlando, FL, Jan. 2005, pp. 859-862.
  11. J. Gong and C.-J. Kim, “Two-Dimensional Digital Microfluidic System by Multi-Layer Printed Circuit Board”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Orlando, FL, Jan. 2005, pp. 726-729.
  12. R. He and C.-J Kim, “On-Chip Hermetic Packaging Enabled by Post-Deposition Porous Etching of Polysilicon”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Orlando, FL, Jan. 2005, pp. 544-547.
  13. Y. Lu, Z. An, and C.-J. Kim, “A Microhand: Modeling, Manufacturing, and Demonstration”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Orlando, FL, Jan. 2005, pp. 650-653.


2004 Journal Papers

  1. J.-A. Paik, S.-K. Fan, H. Chang, C.-J. Kim, M. Wu, and B. Dunn, “Development of Spin Coated Mesoporous Oxide Films for MEMS Structures”, J. Electroceramics, Vol. 13, 2004, pp. 423-428.
  2. U.-C. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “Soft Printing of Droplets Pre-Metered by Electrowetting”, Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 114, No. 2-3, 2004, pp. 347-354.
  3. A. R. Wheeler, H. Moon, C.-J. Kim, J. A. Loo, and R. L. Garrell, “Electrowetting-Based Microfluidics for Analysis of Peptide and Proteins by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-MS)”, Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 16, Aug. 2004, pp. 4833-4838.
  4. R. Yokokawa, J.-A. Paik, B. Dunn, N. Kitazawa, H. Kotera, and C.-J. Kim, “Mechanical Properties of Aerogel-Like Thin Films Used for MEMS”, J. Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 14, 2004, pp. 681-686.

2004 Conference Papers

  1. D.-S. Meng and C.-J. Kim, “Self-Aligned Micro Bubble Arrays by Using Surface Tension”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 2004, CD Vol. 2, IMECE2004-62182.
  2. R. He and C.-J. Kim, “Post-Deposition Porous Etching of Polysilicon: Fabrication and Characterization of Free-Standing Structures”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 2004, CD Vol. 2, IMECE2004-62198.
  3. W. Shen, R. T. Edwards, and C.-J. Kim, “Fabrication, Packaging and Characterization of Mercury Droplet Switches Integrated On CMOS Chip, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 2004 CD Vol. 2, IMECE2004-62163.
  4. F. Chamran, Y. Yeh, B. Dunn, and C.-J. Kim, “3-Dimensional Half-Cell Microbatteries”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 2004, CD Vol. 2, IMECE2004-61925.
  5. J. G. F. Tsai, C.-J. Kim, Z. Chen, and S. Nelson, “ Silicon Microarray Pin with Selective Hydrophobic Coating”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 2004, CD Vol. 2, IMECE2004-62062.
  6. A. R. Wheeler, H. Moon, C.-J. Kim, J. A. Loo, and R. L. Garrell, “Integrated Sample Purification in EWOD-MALDI-MS”, Proc. Micro Total Analysis System, Malm?, Sweden, Sept. 2004, pp. 204-206.
  7. T. Yeh, D. Min, B. Dunn, F. Chamran, C.-J. Kim, D. Sun, and S. Tolbert, “Vanadium Oxide Nanoroll Electrode Arrays for Secondary Lithium Batteries”, Symp. Intercalation Compounds for Battery Materials in the 206th Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Honolulu, HI, Oct. 2004.
  8. C.-H. Choi, J. Kim, and C.-J. Kim, “Nanoturf Surfaces for Reduction of Liquid Flow Drag in Microchannels”, Proc. 3rd ASME Integrated Nanosystems Conf.: Design, Synthesis, and Applications, Pasadena, CA, Sept. 2004, CD, Nano2004-46078.
  9. D.-M. Meng, T. Cubaud, C.-M. Ho, and C.-J. Kim, “A Membrane Breather for Micro Fuel Cell with High Concentration Methanol”, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2004, pp. 141-144.
  10. R. He, L. Fan, M. C. Wu, and C.-J. Kim, “Porous Polysilicon Formed by Electrochemical Etching for On-Chip Vacuum Encapsulation”, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2004, pp. 332-335.
  11. U.-C. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “Geometric Surface Modification of Nozzles for Complete Transfer of Liquid Drops”, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2004, pp. 164-167.
  12. A. R. Wheeler, R. L. Garrell, H. Moon, C.-J. Kim and J. A. Loo, “Electrowetting-on-Dielectric for Analysis of Peptides and Proteins by Matrix Assisted Laser-Desorption/Ionization Mass Spectrometry,” Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2004, pp. 402-403.
  13. J. Gong, S.-K. Fan, and C.-J. Kim, “Portable Digital Microfluidics Platform with Active but Disposable Lab-On-Chip, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Maastricht, the Netherlands, Jan. 2004, pp. 355-358.


2003 Book Chapters

  1. Chapter 18: "The Use of Surface Tension for the Design of MEMS Actuators,” in Nanotribology: Critical Assessment and Research Needs, C.-J. Kim, pp. 239-246. Edited by S.M. Hsu and Z.C. Ying, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 2003.

2003 Journal Papers

  1. D. Huh, A. H. Tkaczyk, J. H. Bahng, Y. Chang, H.-H. Wei, B. Grotberg, C.-J. Kim, K. Kurabayashi, and S. Takayama, “Reversible Switching of High-Speed Air-Liquid Two-Phase Flows Using Electrowetting-Assisted Flow-Pattern Change”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol. 125, No. 48, 2003, pp. 14678-14679.
  2. T. B. Jones, J. D. Fowler, Y. S. Chang, and C.-J. Kim, “Frequency-Based Relationship of Electrowetting and Dielectrophoretic Liquid Microactuation”, Langmuir, Vol. 19, No. 18, 2003, pp. 7646-7651.
  3. B. Shapiro, H. Moon, R. Garrell, and C.-J. Kim. “Equilibrium Behavior of Sessile Drops under Surface Tension, Applied External Fields, and Material Variations”, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 93, No. 9, 2003, pp. 5794-5811.
  4. P. Y. Chiou, H. Moon, H. Toshiyoshi, C.-J. Kim and M. C. Wu, “Light Actuation of Liquid by Optoelectrowetting”, Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 104, 2003, pp. 222-228.
  5. S. K. Cho, H. Moon, and C.-J Kim, “Creating, Transporting, Cutting, and Merging Liquid Droplets by Electrowetting-Based Actuation for Digital Microfluidic Circuits”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 12, No. 1, February 2003, pp. 70-80.

Conference Papers

  1. J. G. F. Tsai, Z. Chen, B. Merriman, S. Nelson, and C.-J. Kim, “Shape-Encoded Particle for DNA Analysis”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’03), Boston, MA, June 2003, pp. 1239-1242.
  2. U.-C. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “Soft Printing of Droplets Digitized by Electrowetting”, Transducers Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’03), Boston, MA, June 2003, pp. 1804-1807.
  3. W. Shen, R. T. Edwards, and C.-J. Kim, “Mercury Droplet Microswitch for Re-Configurable Circuit Interconnect”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’03), Boston, MA, June 2003, pp. 464-467.
  4. Y. Lu and C.-J. Kim, “Micro-Finger Articulation by Pneumatic Parylene Balloons”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers ’03), Boston, MA, June 2003, pp. 276-279.
  5. Z. Chen, J. G. F. Tsai, B. Merriman, J. Chen, C.-J. Kim, and S. Nelson, “Shape Encoded particles for Genomic Analysis”, Abstracts of Papers, Symposium LXVIII 2003, the LXVII Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quantitative Biology, the Genome of Homo Sapiens, May-June 2003, pg. 40.
  6. C. W. Kwon, G. Baure, G. G. Lee, F. Chamran, D. Sun, D. Perepichka, C.-J. Kim, S. Tolbert, F. Wudl, and B. Dunn, “Fabrication and Properties of Electrode Array Structures and Materials”, the 203rd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Paris, France, April-May, 2003, pp. 1-1.
  7. D.-S. Meng, J. Kim, and C.-J. Kim, “A Distributed Gas Breather for the Micro Direct Methanol Fuel Cell”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Kyoto, Japan, January 2003, pp. 534-537.
  8. S.-K. Fan, C. Hashi, and C.-J. Kim, “Manipulation of Multiple Droplets on NxM Grid by Cross-Reference EWOD Driving Scheme and Pressure-Contact Packaging”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Kyoto, Japan, January 2003, pp. 694-697.
  9. B. Shapiro, H. Moon, R. L. Garrell, C.-J. Kim, “Modeling of Electrowetted Surface Tension for Addressable Microfluidic Systems: Dominant Physical Effects, Material Dependences, and Limiting Phenomena”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Kyoto, Japan, January 2003, pp. 201-205.
  10. S. K. Cho and C.-J. Kim, “Particle Separation and Concentration Control for Digital Microfluidic Systems”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Kyoto, Japan, January 2003, pp. 686-689.
  11. J. Tsai, Z. Chen, S. Nelson, and C.-J. Kim, “A Silicon-Micromachined Pin for Contact Droplet Printing”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Kyoto, Japan, January 2003, pp. 295-295-298.


2002 Journal Papers

  1. F.-G. Tseng, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho, “A High Resolution High Frequency Monolithic Top-Shooting Microinjector Free of Satellite Drops: Part II: Fabrication, Implementation, and Characterization”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 11, No. 5, October 2002, pp. 437-447.
  2. F.-G. Tseng, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho, “A High Resolution High Frequency Monolithic Top-Shooting Microinjector Free of Satellite Drops: Part I, Concept, Design and Model”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 11, No. 5, October 2002, pp. 427-436.
  3. K.-S. Yun, I.-J. Cho, J.-U. Bu, C.-J. Kim, and E. Yoon “A Surface-Tension Driven Micropump for Low Voltage and Low Power Operations”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 11, No. 5, October 2002, pp. 454-461.
  4. H. Moon, S. K. Cho, R. L. Garrell, and C.-J. Kim, “Low Voltage Electrowetting-On-Dielectric”, J.? Applied Physics, Vol. 92, No. 7, October 2002, pp. 4080-4087.
  5. J.-A. Paik, S.-K. Fan, C.-J. Kim, M. C. Wu, and B. Dunn, “Micromachining of Mesoporous Oxide Films for Microelectromechanical System Structures”, J. Materials Research, Vol. 17, No. 8, August 2002, pp. 2121-2129.
  6. L. Latorre, J. Kim, J. Lee, P.-P. de Guzman, H. J. Lee, P. Nouet, and C.-J. Kim, “Electrostatic Actuation of Microscale Liquid-Metal Droplets”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 11, No. 4, August 2002, pp. 302-308.
  7. J. Kim, W. Shen, L. Latorre, and C.-J. Kim, “A Micromechanical Switch with Electrostatically Driven Liquid-Metal Droplet”, Sensors and Actuators, Vol. A97-98, April 2002, pp. 672-679.
  8. J. Lee, H. Moon, J. Fowler, T. Schoellhammer, and C.-J. Kim, “Electrowetting and electrowetting-on-dielectric for microscale liquid handling”, Sensors and Actuators, Vol. A95, Issues 2-3, February 2002, pp. 259-268.

2002 Conference Papers

  1. G. Baure, G. Lee, C.-J. Kim, and B. Dunn, "Fabrication of Electrode Arrays Based on Surface Micromachining", the 202nd Meeting of the Electrochemical Society, Salt Lake City, UT, October 2002, pp. (Proceedings not out yet)
  2. G. Baure, G. Lee, C.-J. Kim, and B. Dunn, “Fabrication of 3D Half-Cell Electrode Arrays”, in Micropower and Microdevices edited by E. J. Brandon, A. Ryan, J. Harb, R. Ulrich,? Electrochemical Society, Pennington, NJ, 2002, Vol. PV2002-25.
  3. J. G. F. Tsai and C.-J. Kim, “A Silicon-Micromachined Pin for Contact Droplet Printing”, 2nd Joint EMBS-BMES Conf., Houston, TX, October 2002, pp.1632-1633.
  4. R. L. Garrell, J.-Y. Yoon, H. Moon, J. Fowler, and C.-J. Kim, “Low Power Reconfigurable Microfluidic Chips for Chem-Bio Detection and Monitoring”, 224th American Chemical Society National Meeting, Boston, MA, August 2002.
  5. S.-K. Fan, P.-P. de Guzman, and C.-J. Kim, “EWOD Driving of Droplet on NxM Grid Using Single-Layer Electrode Patterns, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator, and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2002, pp. 134-137.
  6. P. Y. Chiou, M. Wu, H. Moon, C.-J. Kim, and H. Toshiyoshi, “Optical Actuation of Microfluidics Based on Opto-Electrowetting, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor, Actuator, and Microsystems Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 2002, pp. 269-272.
  7. S. K. Cho, S.-K. Fan, H. Moon, and C.-J Kim, “Toward Digital Microfluidic Circuits: Creating, Transporting, Cutting and Merging Liquid Droplets by Electrowetting-Based Actuation”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Las Vegas, NV, Jan. 2002, pp. 32-35.
  8. J. Fowler, H. Moon and C.-J Kim, “Enhancement of Mixing by Droplet-Based Microfluidics”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Las Vegas, NV, Jan. 2002, pp. 97-100.
  9. W. Shen, J. Kim, and C.-J Kim, “Controlling the Adhesion Force by Physical Surface Modification for Electrostatic Actuation of Microscale Mercury Drop”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Las Vegas, NV, Jan. 2002, pp. 52-55.
  10. J. Kim and C.-J Kim, “Nanostructured Surfaces for Dramatic Reduction of Flow Resistance?in Droplet-based Microfluidics”, Proc. IEEE Conf. MEMS, Las Vegas, NV, Jan. 2002, pp. 479-482.


2001 Conference Papers

  1. D.-J. Yao, G. Chen, and C.-J. Kim, “Low Temperature Eutectic Bonding for In-Plane Type Micro Thermoelectric Cooler”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, New York, NY, Nov. 2001, IMECE2001/MEMS-23901.
  2. W. Shen, J. Kim, and C.-J. Kim, “Resistance of Liquid-Metal Droplets Against Actuation on Microstructured Surfaces”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, New York, NY, Nov. 2001, IMECE2001/MEMS-23830.
  3. S. K. Cho, H. Moon, J. Fowler, S.-K. Fan, and C.-J. Kim, “Splitting a Liquid Droplet for Electrowetting-Based Microfluidics”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, New York, NY, Nov. 2001, IMECE2001/MEMS-23831.
  4. C.-J. Kim, “Micropumping by Electrowetting”, Proc. ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, New York, NY, Nov. 2001, IMECE2001/HTD-24200.
  5. F. Saeki, J. Baum, H. Moon, J.-Y. Yoon, C.-J. Kim, and R. L. Garrell, “Electrowetting on Dielectrics (EWOD): Reducing Voltage Requirement for Microfluidics”, American Chemical Society National Meeting, Chicago, IL, August 2001.
  6. R. T. Edwards and C.-J. Kim, “Breaking the Resistivity Barrier”, Proc. The 3rd NASA/DoD Workshop on Evolvable Hardware, July 2001, Pasadena, CA, pp. 167-171.
  7. J. Kim, W. Shen, L. Latorre, and C.-J. Kim, “A Micromechanical Switch with Electrostatically Driven Liquid-Metal Droplet”, Proc. Int. Conf. Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Transducers’01), June 2001, Munich, Germany, pp. 748-751.
  8. D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, G. Chen, J. L. Liu, K. L. Wang, J. Snyder, and J.-P. Fleurial, “MEMS Thermoelectric Microcoolers”, Proc. 20th International Conference on Thermoelectrics, Beijing, P. R. China, June 2001, pp. 401-404.
  9. J. Lee, H. Moon, J. Fowler, C.-J. Kim, and T. Schoellhammer, “Addressable Micro Liquid Handling by Electric Control of Surface Tension”, Proc. IEEE Conf. Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ’01), Interlaken, Switzerland, Jan. 2001, pp. 499-502.
  10. S.-K. Fan, J.-A. Paik, P. R. Patterson, M. C. Wu, B. Dunn, and C.-J. Kim, “MEMS with Thin-Film Aerogel”, Proc. IEEE Conf. Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ’01), Interlaken, Switzerland, Jan. 2001, pp. 122-125.
  11. K.-S. Yun, I.-J. Cho, J.-U. Bu, G.-H. Kim, Y.-S. Jeon, C.-J. Kim, and E. Yoon, “A Micropump Driven by Continuous Electrowetting Actuation for Low Voltage and Low Power Operations”, Proc. IEEE Conf. Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ’01), Interlaken, Switzerland, Jan. 2001, pp. 487-490.


2000 Journal Papers

  1. Q. Chen, D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, and G. P. Carman, “Investigating the Influence of Fabrication Process and Crystal Orientation on Shear Strength of Silicon Microcomponents”, Journal of Material Science, Vol. 35, No. 21, November 2000, pp. 5465-5474.
  2. J. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Surface-Tension-Driven Microactuation Based on Continuous Electrowetting”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 9, No. 2, June 2000, pp. 171-180.
  3. T. Yi, L. Li, and C.-J. Kim, "Microscale Material Testing of Single Crystalline Silicon: Process Effects on Surface Morphology and Tensile Strength", Sensors and Actuators, Vol. 83, May 2000, pp. 172-178.

2000 Conference Papers

  1. J.-A. Paik, N. Kitazawa, S.-K. Fan, C.-J. Kim, M. C. Wu, and B. Dunn, "Preparation of Mesoporous Oxides for MEMS Structures", Proc. Materials Research Society Symp., Vol. 657, Boston, MA, Nov.-Dec. 2000, pp. EE7.3.1-EE7.3.6.
  2. L. Latorre, J. Kim, P. Nouet, C.-J. Kim, “Electrostatic Actuation of Microscale Liquid Metal Droplets: Analysis, Experiment, and FEM Simulation”, Proc. MEMS-Vol. 2, ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Orlando, FL, Nov. 2000, pp. 105-110.
  3. D.-J. Yao, G. Chen, and C.J. Kim, “Design of Thin-Film Thermoelectric Microcoolers”, HTD Vol. 366-2, ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Orlando, FL, Nov. 2000, pp. 345-351.
  4. C.-J. Kim, “Microfluidics Using the Surface Tension Force in Microscale”, SPIE Symp. Micromachining and Microfabrication, Vol. 4177, Santa Clara, CA, Sept. 2000, pp. 49-55. (Invited paper)
  5. L. Li, T. Yi, and C.-J. Kim, "Effect of Mask-to-Crystal Direction Misalignment on Fracture Strength of Silicon Microbeam", Proc. Microscale Systems: Mechanics and Measurements Symp., Society for Experimental Mechanics, IX International Congress, Orlando, FL, June, 2000, pp. 36-40.


1999 Journal Papers

  1. T. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “Measurement of Mechanical Properties for MEMS Materials”, Measurement Science and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 8, Aug. 1999, pp. 706-716.
  2. F. Sherman, S. Tung, C.-J. Kim, C.-M. Ho, and J. Woo, “Flow Control by Using High-Aspect-Ratio, In-Plane Microactuators", Sensors and Actuators, Vol. 73, 1999, pp. 169-175.
  3. Q. Chen, D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, and G. P. Carman, “Mesoscale Actuator Device: Micro Interlocking Mechanism to Transfer Macro Load”, Sensors and Actuators, Vol. 73, Issues 1-2, March 1999, pp. 30-36.
  4. S.-S. Lee, L.-S. Huang, C.-J. Kim, and M. C. Wu, “Free-Space Fiber-Optic Switches Based on MEMS Vertical Torsion Mirrors”, J. Lightwave Technology, Vol. 17, No. 1, Jan. 1999, pp. 7-13.

1999 Conference Papers

  1. C.-J. Kim, “MEMS Devices Based on the Use of Surface Tension”, Proc. Int. Semiconductor Device Research Symposium (ISDRS’99), Charlottesville, VA, Dec., 1999, pp. 481-484 (Invited).
  2. J. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Theory and Modeling of Continuous Electrowetting Microactuation", Proc. MEMS (MEMS-Vol. 1), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nashville, TN, Nov. 1999, pp. 397-403.
  3. T. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “Tension Test with Single-Crystalline-Silicon Microspecimen,” Proc. MEMS (MEMS-Vol. 1), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nashville, TN, Nov. 1999, pp. 81-86.
  4. X. Li, S. Kiyawat, and C.-J. Kim, “High-Aspect-Ratio Electroplated Structures with 2mm Beamwidth,” Proc. MEMS (MEMS-Vol. 1), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nashville, TN, Nov. 1999, pp. 25-30.
  5. Y.-K. Lee, U.-C. Yi, F.-G. Tseng, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho, “Fuel Injection by a Thermal Microinjector,” Proc. MEMS (MEMS-Vol. 1), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Nashville, TN, Nov. 1999, pp. 419-425.
  6. C.-J. Kim, “MEMS Education Program at UCLA”, Proc. 5th Int. Micro-Machines Symp., Tokyo, Japan, Oct. 1999, pp. 121-123 (Invited).
  7. D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, G. Chen, J.-P. Fleurial, H. B. Lyon, “Spot Cooling Using Thermoelectric Microcooler", Proc. 18th Int. Thermoelectric Conf, Baltimore, VA, August 1999, pp 256-259.
  8. C.-J. Kim, “Micromachines Driven by Surface Tension”, AIAA 99-3800, 30th AIAA Fluid Dynamics Conference, Norfolk, VA, June-July 1999, pp. 1-6. (Invited lecture)
  9. T. Yi and C.-J. Kim, “Microscale Material Testing: Etchant Effect on the Tensile Strength,” Proc. Int. Conf. Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Transducers’99), Sendai, Japan, June 1999, pp. 518-521.
  10. J. Ok, M. Chu, and C.-J. Kim, “Pneumatically Driven Microcage for Micro-Objects in Biological Liquid”, Proc. IEEE Conf. Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS ’99), Orlando, FL, Jan. 1999, pp. 459-463.


1998 Journal Papers

  1. J. Simon, S. Saffer, F. Sherman, and C.-J. Kim, “Lateral Polysilicon Microrelays with a Mercury Micro-Drop Contact”, IEEE Trans. Industrial Electronics, Vol. 45, No. 6, Dec. 1998, pp. 854-860.
  2. T. K. Jun and C.-J. Kim, “Valveless Pumping using Traversing Vapor Bubbles in Microchannels”, J. Applied Physics, Vol. 83, No. 11, June 1998, pp. 5658-5664.
  3. Q. Chen, D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, and G. P. Carman, “Development of Mesoscale Actuator Device with Micro Interlocking Mechanism”, J. Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, Vol. 9, No. 4, June 1998, pp. 449-457.
  4. J. J.-Y. Gill, L.V. Ngo, P. R. Nelson, and C.-J. Kim, “Elimination of Extra Spring Effect at the Step-Up Anchor of Surface-Micromachined Structure”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 7, No. 1, March 1998, pp. 114-121.
  5. C.-J. Kim, J. Y. Kim, and B. Sridharan, “Comparative Evaluation of Drying Techniques for Surface Micromachining”, Sensors and Actuators, Vol. 64, No. 1, Jan. 1998, pp. 17-26.

1998 Conference Papers

  1. L.-S. Huang, B. Sridharan, C.-J. Kim, S. D. Collins, C. Gonzalez, and R. L. Smith, “Self-Assembled Microslider for MicroJoinery”, Proc. MEMS (DSC-Vol. 66), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA. Nov. 1998, pp. 499-504.
  2. Q. Chen, D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, and G. P. Carman, “Influence of Fabrication and Crystal Orientation on the Strength of Silicon Microridges”, Proc. MEMS (DSC-Vol. 66), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA. Nov. 1998, pp. 413-420.
  3. F. Tseng, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho, “A Microinjector Free of Satellite Drops and Characterization of the Ejected Droplets”, Proc. MEMS (DSC-Vol. 66), ASME Int. Mech. Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA. Nov. 1998, pp. 89-95.
  4. J. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Microactuation by Continuous Electrowetting Phenomenon and Silicon Deep RIE Process”, Proc. MEMS (DSC-Vol. 66), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Anaheim, CA. Nov. 1998, pp. 475-480.
  5. C.-J. Kim, “Microgasketing and Adhesive Wicking for Fabrication of Micro Fluidic Devices”, Proc. Vol. 3515, Microfluidic Devices and Systems, SPIE Symp. Micromachining and Microfabrication, Santa Clara, CA, Sept. 1998, pp. 286-291 (invited paper).
  6. L.-S. Huang, S.-S. Lee, E. Motamedi, M. C. Wu, and C.-J. Kim, “Optical Coupling Analysis and Vibration Characterization for Packaging of 2x2 MEMS Vertical Torsion Mirror Switches”, Proc. Vol. 3513, Microelectronic Structures and MEMS for Optical Processing IV, SPIE Symp. Micromachining and Microfabrication, Santa Clara, CA, Sept. 1998, pp. 135-143.
  7. C.-J. Kim, “Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS) at the UCLA Micromanufacturing Lab”, Dig. Papers, Int. Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conf. (MNC’98), Kyungju, Korea, July 1998, pp. 54-55. (invited paper)
  8. F.-G. Tseng, C. S. Shih, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho, “Characterization of Droplet Injection Process of a Microinjector”, Book of Abstracts, 13th U.S. National Congress of Applied Mechanics, Gainesville, FL, June 1998, TB3 (unpaged volume).
  9. B. Sridharan and C.-J. Kim, and Long-Sun Huang, “Post-Packaging Release: A New Concept for Surface-Micromachined Devices”, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 1998, pp. 225-228.
  10. S.-S. Lee, L.-S. Huang, C.-J. Kim, and M. C. Wu, “2x2 MEMS Fiber Optic Switches with Silicon Sub-mount for Low-Cost Packaging”, Tech. Dig., Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 1998, pp. 281-284.
  11. G. Chen, S.Q. Zhou, D.-Y. Yao, C.-J. Kim, X.Y. Zheng, Z.L. Liu, K.L. Wang, X.Sun, and M.S. Dresselhaus, “Heat Conduction in Alloy-Based Superlattices”, Proc. 17th Int. Conf. Thermoelectrics, Nagoya, Japan, May 1998, pp. 202-205.
  12. L.-S. Huang, S.-S. Lee, E. Motamedi, M. C. Wu, and C.-J. Kim, “MEMS Packaging for Micro Mirror Switches”, Proc. 48th Electronic Components & Technology Conference, Seattle, WA. May 1998, pp. 592-597.
  13. J. Kim, J. Simon, S. Saffer, and C.-J. Kim, “Mercury Contact Micromechanical Relays”, Proc. 46th Annual Int. Relay Conf, Oak Brook, IL, Apr. 1998, pp. 19-1-19-8.
  14. Q. Chen, D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, and G. P. Carman, “Frequency Response of an Inchworm Motor Fabricated with Micro Machined Interlocking Surface Mesoscale Actuator Device (MAD)”, Proc. SPIE Vol. 3329, Conf. Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, San Diego, CA, Mar. 1998, pp. 768-779.
  15. J. Lee and C.-J. Kim, “Liquid Micromotor Driven by Continuous Electrowetting”, Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, Jan. 1998, pp. 538-543.
  16. Q. Chen, D.-J. Yao, C.-J. Kim, and G.P. Carman, “Mesoscale Actuator Device with Micro Interlocking Mechanism”, Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, Jan. 1998, pp. 384-389.
  17. F.-G. Tseng, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho, “A Novel Microinjector with Virtual Chamber Neck”, Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, Jan. 1998, pp. 57-62.
  18. F. Sherman, S. Tung, C.-J. Kim, C.-M. Ho, and J. Woo, “In-Plane Microactuator for Fluid Control Application”, Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, Heidelberg, Germany, Jan. 1998, pp. 454-459.


1997 Book Chapters

  1. Y.-C. Tai and C.-J. Kim, “Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS)”, in The Industrial Electronics Handbook, Edited by J. D. Irwin, CRC Press and IEEE Press, 1997, pp. 1468-1471.

1997 Journal Papers

  1. J. Simon, S. Saffer, and C.-J. Kim, “A Liquid-Filled Microrelay with a Moving Mercury Micro-Drop”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, Sept. 1997, pp. 208-216.
  2. B. Shivkumar and C.-J. Kim, “Microrivets for MEMS Packaging: Concept, Fabrication and Strength Testing”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, Sept. 1997, pp. 217-225.
  3. Y.-I. Lee, K.-H. Park, J. Lee, C.-S. Lee, H.J. Yoo, C.-J. Kim, and Y.-S. Yoon, “Dry Release for Surface Micromachining with HF Vapor-Phase Etching”, J. Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 6, No. 3, Sept. 1997, pp. 226-233.

1997 Conference Papers

  1. J. Simon, L.-S. Huang, B. Sridharan, and C.-J. Kim, “Microgasketing and Room Temperature Wafer Joining for Liquid-Filled MEMS Devices”, Proc. MEMS, (DSC-Vol. 62 / HTD-Vol. 354) ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Dallas, TX. Nov. 1997, pp. 29-34.
  2. D. Wang, H. Alexander, Q. Chen, G.P. Carman, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho, “Piezoelectrically Driven Meso-Scale Actuator Device for Aerodynamic Control”, Proc. 38th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference and Exhibit and AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive Structures Forum, Kissimmee, FL, Apr. 1997, pp. 1738-1746.
  3. K. Ho, P. Jardine, G. P. Carman, C.J. Kim, “Modeling and Measuring the Response Times of Thin Film TiNi”, Smart Structures and Materials 1997: Smart Materials Technologies (SPIE Vol. 3040), San Diego, CA, March 1997, pp. 10-22 (Invited paper).
  4. B. Shivkumar and C.-J. Kim, “Microriveting - A New Wafer Joining Method”, Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, Nagoya, Japan, Jan. 1997, pp. 197-202.
  5. John Y. Kim and C.-J. Kim, “Comparative Study of Various Release Methods for Polysilicon Surface Micromachining”, Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, Nagoya, Japan, Jan. 1997, pp. 442-447.


1996 Journal Papers

  1. J. Y. Yee, K. Chun, J. D. Lee, and C.-J. Kim, “Polysilicon Surface-Modification Technique to Reduce Sticking of Microstructures”, Sensors and Actuators, Vol. A52, Nos. 1-3, April 1996, pp. 145-150.

1996 Conference Papers

  1. J. H. Lee, K. H Park, C. S. Lee, J. T. Baek, C.-J. Kim, and H. J. Yoo, “Fabrication of Surface-Micromachined Polysilicon Microactuators Using HF Gas-Phase Etching Process”, Proc. MEMS (DSC-Vol. 59), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Atlanta, GA, Nov. 1996 pp. 373-377.
  2. F.-G. Tseng, C. Linder, C.-J. Kim, and C.-M. Ho , “Control of Mixing with Micro-Injectors for Combustion Application”, Proc. MEMS (DSC-Vol. 59), Application of Microfabrication to Fluid Mechanics, ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Atlanta, GA, Nov. 1996, pp. 183-187.
  3. J. Zhu, D. Wang, C.-J. Kim, and G.P. Carman, “Development of Mesoscale Actuation Device”, Proc. ASME Aerospace Division (AD-Vol. 52), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Atlanta, GA, Nov. 1996, pp. 649-654.
  4. S. Saffer, J. Simon, C.-J. Kim, “Mercury-Contact Switching with Gap-Closing Microcantilever”, Proc. SPIE Vol. 2882, Micromachined Devices and Components II, Austin, TX, Oct. 1996, pp. 204-209.
  5. B. Shivkumar and C.-J. Kim, “Electroplated Microrivets for Wafer Joining”, Proc. Micromachining Workshop III - Technology and Application, American Vacuum Society, Anaheim, CA, Sept. 1996, 2 pages (unpaged volume).
  6. T. K. Jun and C.-J. Kim, “Microscale Pumping with Traversing Bubble in Microchannels”, Tech. Dig. Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head Island, SC, June 1996, pp. 144-147.
  7. L. V. Ngo, P. R. Nelson, and C.-J. Kim, “Surface-Micromachined Beams without Spring Effect of Anchor Step-Up”, Tech. Dig. Solid-State Sensor and Actuator Workshop, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, June 1996, pp. 140-143.
  8. J. Simon, S. Saffer, and C.-J. Kim, “A Micromechanical Relay with a Thermally-Driven Mercury Micro-Drop”, Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, San Diego, CA, Feb. 1996. pp. 515-520.
  9. P. Huang, J. Zhu, C.-J. Kim, and G.P. Carman, “Micro-Scale Tensile Testing of Single Crystal Silicon”, Symp. Mechanical Testing of Small Specimens, 1996 ASME Mechanics and Materials Conference, Baltimore, MD, June 1996, pg. 306.


1995 Book Chapters

  1. C.-J. Kim, “Book Review for Integrating Reliability into Microelectronics Manufacturing by A. Christou, Wiley, England, 1994”, in Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 48, 1995, pg. 71.

1995 Conference Papers

  1. Y.-J. Yang and C.-J. Kim, "Stability Criteria for Switching of a Bistable Microactuator", Proc. Dynamic Systems and Control Vol. 2 (DSC-Vol. 57-2), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 1995, pp. 861-870.
  2. Y. Joo, K. Dieu, and C.-J. Kim, "Air Cooling of IC Chip with Novel Microchannels Monolithically Formed on Chip Front Surface", Cooling and Thermal Design of Electronic Systems (HTD-Vol. 319 & EEPD-Vol. 15), ASME Int. Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, San Francisco, CA, Nov. 1995, pp. 117-121.
  3. Y.-J. Yang and C.-J. Kim "Testing and Characterization of a Bistable Snapping Microactuator Based on Thermo-Mechanical Analysis", Tech. Dig. 8th Int. Conf. Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Transducers '95), Stockholm, Sweden, June 1995, Vol. 2, pp. 337-340.
  4. G. Lin, C.-J. Kim, S. Konishi, and H. Fujita, "Design, Fabrication, and Testing of a C-Shape Actuator", Tech. Dig. 8th Int. Conf. Solid-State Sensors and Actuators (Transducers '95), Stockholm, Sweden, June 1995, Vol.2, pp. 416-419.
  5. C.-J. Kim and Y.-J. Yang, "A Bistable Microactuator and Its Mechanical Analysis", Joint Applied Mechanics and Materials Summer Conference of ASME, Los Angeles, CA, June 1995, pp. 239-240.
  6. Y.-J. Yang and C.-J. Kim, "Dynamics of a Bistable Snapping Microactuator", Proc. Smart Structures and Integrated Systems (SPIE Proc. Vol. 2443), Smart Structures and Materials 1995, San Diego, CA, Feb. 1995, pp. 754-762.
  7. Y. Joo, K. Dieu, and C.-J. Kim, "Fabrication of Monolithic Microchannels for IC Chip Cooling," Proc. IEEE Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Workshop, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Jan.-Feb. 1995, pp. 362-367.